Definitions and meaning of cis
Abbreviation, presumably from either English cosine and sine and the number i or translingual cos, i, and sin.
- (mathematics) The function .
- IPA(key): /sɪs/
- Rhymes: -ɪs
- Homophone: sis
From Latin cis (“on the same side”).
cis (not comparable)
- (biology) Having two mutations on two genes on the same chromosome of a homologous pair.
- (cytology) Of the side of the Golgi apparatus nearer to the endoplasmic reticulum.
- (chemistry) In (or constituting, forming, or describing) a double bond in which the greater radical on both ends is on the same side of the bond.
- 1984, American Chemical Society. Division of Polymer Chemistry, Papers Presented at the ... Meeting
- 9 is thought to survive longer when the CH = CH bond is cis and to favour the formation of another cis double bond in a propagation reaction involving its displacement by monomer. 10, on the other hand, is more likely to yield a trans double bond […]
- 2007, Vickie A. Vaclavik, Elizabeth W. Christian, Essentials of Food Science, Springer Science & Business Media (→ISBN), page 277:
- However, a cis double bond causes a kink in the chain. (A cis double bond introduces a bend of about 42 into the linear hydrocarbon chain.)
- 2015, William P Edwards, The Science of Bakery Products, Royal Society of Chemistry (→ISBN), page 26:
- A cis double bond is one where the hydrogen atoms are both on the same side. In contrast, a trans double bond has them on the opposite side.
- (chemistry) In (or constituting, forming, or describing) a coordination compound in which the two instances of a particular ligand are adjacent to each other.
A clipping of cisgender or of cissexual (from Latin cis).
cis (not comparable)
- Cisgender (or sometimes cissexual): not trans (transgender or transsexual) or non-binary.
Compare cis- and its usage notes.
- -ics, CSI, ICS, ICs, I²Cs, SCI, SIC, Sci., sci, sci., sic
- cis in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
- cis in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
Borrowed from Ido cis, from Latin cis.
- IPA(key): /t͡sis/
- Hyphenation: cis
- (unofficial) on this side of
- For more quotations using this term, see Citations:cis.
- Synonyms: ĉi-flanke de, maltrans
- Antonym: trans
From German Cis (German key notation).
- IPA(key): /ˈsis/, [ˈs̠is̠]
- (music) C-sharp
- Capitalized for the great octave or any octave below that, or in names of major keys; not capitalized for the small octave or any octave above that, or in names of minor keys.
- In speech, the declension is often: cissän, cissää, simiar to ässä.
Borrowed from Latin cis.
- on this side of (anything)
- trans (“on the other side of, beyond, across”)
- cisa (“hither (on this side)”)
- cise (“(on) this side”)
- cisalpa (“cisalpine”)
- C sharp
From Middle Irish ces (“basket, hamper, pannier; bee-hive, skep; causeway of hurdles”), from Old Norse kesja, Latin cista.
cis f (genitive singular cise, nominative plural ciseanna)
- wicker container; basket, crate
- plaited or crossed twigs as support for causeway
cis f (genitive singular cise)
- restraint; (golf) handicap
- ciseadóireacht f (“wicker-work; basketry”)
cis (present analytic ciseann, future analytic cisfidh, verbal noun ciseadh, past participle ciste) (transitive, intransitive)
- stand, place one's weight (ar (“on”))
- (sports) handicap
- "cis" in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
- Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019) , “2 ces”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
From Proto-Indo-European *ḱe (“here”). Cognate with ce-dō, hi-c, ec-ce, Ancient Greek ἐκεῖνος (ekeînos, “that”), Old Irish cē (“here”), Gothic 𐌷𐌹𐌼𐌼𐌰 (himma, “to this”). More at he, here.
- (Classical) IPA(key): /kis/, [kɪs̠]
- (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /t͡ʃis/, [t͡ʃis]
cis (+ accusative)
- on or to this or the near side of; short of
- cis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- cis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- cis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
- cis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
From Proto-Slavic *tisъ, from Proto-Indo-European *taḱs-
cis m inan
- (singular only) wood of the yew
Note: genitive singular form "cisa" can be used only for sense #1.
- (adjective) cisowy
- (noun) cisina
- C sharp
- cis in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
- cis in Polish dictionaries at PWN
- having atoms on the same side of the molecule.
(source: Collins Scrabble Dictionary)