From Middle Englishcold, from Old English, specifically Anglian cald. The West Saxon form, ċeald(“cold”), survived as early Middle English cheald, cheld, or chald. Both descended from Proto-Germanic*kaldaz, a participle form of *kalaną(“to be cold”), from Proto-Indo-European*gel-(“cold”). Cognate with Scotscald, cauld(“cold”), Saterland Frisiankoold(“cold”), West Frisiankâld(“cold”), Dutchkoud(“cold”), Low Germankold, koolt, koold(“cold”), Germankalt(“cold”), Danishkold(“cold”), Norwegiankald(“cold”), Swedishkall(“cold”).
cold (comparativecolder, superlativecoldest)
(of a thing) Having a low temperature.
(of the weather) Causing the air to be cold.
(of a person or animal) Feeling the sensation of coldness, especially to the point of discomfort.
Unfriendly, emotionally distant or unfeeling.
2011 April 23, Doctor Who, series 6, episode 1, The Impossible Astronaut:
RIVER SONG (upon seeing the still-living DOCTOR, moments after he made her and two other friends watch what they thought was his death): This is cold. Even by your standards, this is cold.
Dispassionate, not prejudiced or partisan, impartial.
Completely unprepared; without introduction.
Unconscious or deeply asleep; deprived of the metaphorical heat associated with life or consciousness.
(usually with "have" or "know" transitively) Perfectly, exactly, completely; by heart.
(usually with "have" transitively) Cornered, done for.
(obsolete) Not pungent or acrid.
(obsolete) Unexciting; dull; uninteresting.
1641, Ben Jonson, Discoveries Made upon Men and Matter
What a deal of cold business doth a man misspend the better part of life in!
1705 (revised 1718), Joseph Addison, Remarks on Several Parts of Italy
The jest grows cold[…]when it comes on in a second scene.
Affecting the sense of smell (as of hunting dogs) only feebly; having lost its odour.
(obsolete) Not sensitive; not acute.
Distant; said, in the game of hunting for some object, of a seeker remote from the thing concealed. Compare warm and hot.
(painting) Having a bluish effect; not warm in colour.
(databases) Rarely used or accessed, and thus able to be relegated to slower storage.
(informal) Without compassion; heartless; ruthless
I can't believe she said that...that was cold!
(of a thing, having a low temperature):chilled, chilly, freezing, frigid, glacial, icy, cool
(of the weather):(UK, slang) brass monkeys, nippy, parky, taters
(of the weather):hot (See the corresponding synonyms of hot.)
(of a person or animal):hot (See the corresponding synonyms of hot.)
(unfriendly):amiable, friendly, welcoming
(unprepared):prepared, primed, ready
From Middle Englishcold, colde, from Old Englishcald, ċeald(“cold, coldness”), from Proto-Germanic*kaldą(“coldness”), from Proto-Indo-European*gel-(“cold”). Compare Saterland FrisianKeelde(“cold”), West Frisiankjeld(“cold”), Dutchkoude(“cold”), German Low GermanKolle, Koll(“cold”), GermanKälte(“cold”), Danishkulde(“cold”), Swedishköld(“cold”), Norwegiankulde(“cold”), Icelandickulda(“cold”).
A condition of low temperature.
(with 'the', figurative) A harsh place; a place of abandonment.
The former politician was left out in the cold after his friends deserted him.
(medicine) A common, usually harmless, viral illness, usually with congestion of the nasal passages and sometimes fever.
(slang) rheum, sleepy dust
1994, Notorious B.I.G., Warning
Who the fuck is this, pagin' me at 5:46 in the morning? / crack of dawn and now I'm yawnin' / wipe the cold out my eye, see who's this pagin' me and why
1996, Ghostface Killah, All That I Got Is You
But I remember this, moms would lick her finger tips / to wipe the cold out my eye before school with her spit
(illness):common cold, coryza, head cold, pose
From Middle Englishcolde, from Old Englishcalde, ċealde(“coldly”), from the adjective (see above).
cold (comparativemore cold, superlativemost cold)
While at low temperature.
The steel was processed cold.
The speaker went in cold and floundered for a topic.
I knocked him out cold.
(slang, informal, dated) In a cold, frank, or realistically honest manner.
1986, Run-DMC, Peter Piper.
Now Little Bo Peep cold lost her sheep / And Rip van Winkle fell the hell asleep
cald, cheld, cheald, chald
From Old Englishcald, an Anglian form of ċeald; from Proto-Germanic*kaldaz.
(from the form ċeald) IPA(key): /tʃɛːld/
cold (plural and weak singularcolde, comparativecolder, superlative*coldest)
(locations) having a tendency to be cold
cold-feeling, cold when touched, cooled, chilly
lifeless, having the pallor of death
cold-hearted, indifferent, insensitive
distressed, sorrowful, worried
(alchemy, medicine) Considered to be alchemically cold
Scots: cald, cauld
“cōld (adj.)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-03-26.
The feeling of coldness or chill
Lack of feelings or emotion
(alchemy, medicine) Alchemical coldness
Scots: cald, cauld
“cōld (n.)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 2018-03-26.