Er in Scrabble Dictionary

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Is er a Scrabble word?

Yes. The word er is a Scrabble US word. The word er is worth 2 points in Scrabble:

E1R1

Is er a Scrabble UK word?

Yes. The word er is a Scrabble UK word and has 2 points:

E1R1

Is er a Words With Friends word?

Yes. The word er is a Words With Friends word. The word er is worth 2 points in Words With Friends (WWF):

E1R1

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2 letters words from 'er'

ER 2RE 2

Definitions and meaning of er

er

Etymology

Mimetic (sound of hesitation)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɜː/
  • Used in non-rhotic dialects. Compare uh.

Interjection

er

  1. Said when hesitating in speech.
    • 2012, Linda Miller, Desire and Destiny:
      If he—er—disappears—well, it seems to me that we'd both benefit.

Verb

er (third-person singular simple present ers, present participle erring, simple past and past participle erred)

  1. (informal) To utter the word "er" when hesitating in speech, found in the phrase um and er.
    He ummed and erred his way through the presentation.

See also

  • ah
  • uh
  • um

Anagrams

  • 're, RE, Re, , r.e., re, re-

Afrikaans

Noun

er (plural erre or ers, diminutive erretjie)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter R.

Alemannic German

Etymology

From Old High German er, from Proto-Germanic *iz. Cognate with German er.

Pronoun

er m

  1. (personal) he; it

Declension


Breton

Contraction

er

  1. Contraction of e ur (in a(n)).
  2. Contraction of e ar (in the).

Cimbrian

Alternative forms

  • èar (Sette Comuni)

Etymology

From Middle High German ër, from Old High German er, from Proto-West Germanic *iʀ (he, it), from Proto-Germanic *iz (he, she, it, they). Cognate with German er.

Pronoun

er

  1. (Luserna) he, it

Inflection

References

  • “er” in Cimbrian, Ladin, Mòcheno: Getting to know 3 peoples. 2015. Servizio minoranze linguistiche locali della Provincia autonoma di Trento, Trento, Italy.

Cornish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [eːɹ]

Etymology 1

From Proto-Celtic *eriros (eagle) (compare Breton erer, Welsh eryr, Old Irish *irar), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃érō (large bird).

Noun

er m (plural eryon or eres)

  1. eagle

Etymology 2

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

er m (plural erys)

  1. heir

Etymology 3

See the etymology of the main entry.

Noun

er

  1. Soft mutation of ger.

Crimean Tatar

Adjective

er

  1. every

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ˈɛr]

Noun

er n

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter R.

Further reading

  • er in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • er in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛr/, [æɐ̯], but often elided in spontaneous speech.

Verb

er

  1. present of være

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛr/, /ər/, /dər/

Etymology 1

Weak form of der, the unstressed form of daar ("there")

Adverb

er

  1. there (unspecific to distance)
  2. (with a preposition) him, her, it, them.
    Ik heb ermee gewerkt.
    I have worked with it/them.
    Je kunt er de bergen boven zien.
    You can see the mountains above it/them.
Usage notes
  • Er is an unstressed variety of hier and daar, used when it is not needed to emphasize the specific location relative to the speaker.
  • With a preposition, er is used instead of hem, haar, het, ze to create a pronominal adverb. See also Category:Dutch pronominal adverbs.

Etymology 2

From Old Dutch iro, genitive of the personal pronoun (3rd person plural).

Adverb

er

  1. (partitive pronoun) of them, of those (often not translated in English)
    Mijn broer heeft drie kinderen en ik heb er twee.
    My brother has three children and I have two. (literally: two of those)
    Ik zie er geen meer.
    I don't see any more (of them).
Synonyms
  • ervan
Derived terms

See Category:Dutch pronominal adverbs

Related terms
  • daar
  • hier
  • waar
See also
  • er zijn

Anagrams

  • re

East Damar

Noun

er

  1. water

References

  • Taber, M. (1993). Toward a better understanding of the indigenous languages of southwestern Maluku. Oceanic Linguistics. 32:2. pp. 389-441. Cited in: "East Damar" in Greenhill, S.J., Blust, R., & Gray, R.D. (2008). The Austronesian Basic Vocabulary Database: From Bioinformatics to Lexomics. Evolutionary Bioinformatics, 4:271-283.

Faroese

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /eːɹ/

Verb

er

  1. third-person singular indicative present of at vera

Conjugation


German

Etymology

From Middle High German er, from Old High German er, from Proto-Germanic *iz. In northern Old High German there also existed forms with initial h-, namely , her, from Proto-Germanic *hiz, whence Central Franconian and (from the accusative) Luxembourgish hien. Compare English he. The unusual spelling ih- in the forms ihm, ihn is not related to this. It was introduced in early modern German to distinguish these forms from im, in (when *iem, *ien would not have been acceptable because they would have been read as *jem, *jen).

Pronunciation

  • (standard) IPA(key): /ʔeːɐ̯/, /ʔɛʁ/
  • Rhymes: -eːɐ̯
  • Homophone: Ehr
  • (colloquially in unstressed position) IPA(key): /ɐ/

Pronoun

er

  1. (personal) he.
  2. (personal) it (when the grammatical gender of the object/article/thing/animal etc., being referred to, is masculine (der)).
  3. (personal, archaic) Alternative spelling of Er (you (polite))
    • (Can we date this quote?), Clemens Brentano, Geschichte vom braven Kasperl und dem schönen Annerl (edited). In: 1835, F. W. Gubitz (editor), Jahrbuch des Nützlichen und Unterhaltenden für 1835, p. 171:
      Da fuhr die Alte überraſcht auf und ſprach: Lieber Herr, gehe er doch nach Haus und bete er fein und lege er ſich ſchlafen.

Inflection

1Often capitalized, especially in letters

In contemporary German, the genitive forms of personal pronouns are restricted to formal style and are infrequent even then. They may be used

  • for the genitive object still found in a handful of verbs: Ich erbarmte mich seiner. – "I had mercy on him". (Colloquially one would either use the dative case, or a prepositional object, or replace the verb with another.)
  • after the preposition statt ("instead of, in place of"): Ich kam statt seiner in die Mannschaft. – I joined the team in his place. (This sounds antiquated, for which reason an seiner Statt or an seiner Stelle is preferable.)

Further reading

  • er in Duden online
  • “er” in Deutsches Wörterbuch von Jacob und Wilhelm Grimm, 16 vols., Leipzig 1854–1961.

Hunsrik

Alternative forms

  • ëyer (Wiesemann spelling system)

Etymology

From Old High German er, from Proto-Germanic *iz. Displaced the northern Old High German forms with h-, e.g. , her (see he).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛɐ/

Pronoun

er

  1. he

Inflection

Further reading

  • Online Hunsrik Dictionary

Icelandic

Verb

er

  1. first-person singular indicative present of vera
    Ég er skemmtilegur.
    I am fun (masculine)
    Hver er ég?
    Who am I?
  2. third-person singular indicative present of vera
    Veit einhver hvar pabbi minn er?
    Does anybody know where my dad is?
    Hver er hann?
    Who is he?

Pronoun

er

  1. (relative) which
    Maður er sá, er Jón heitir.
    There is a man who is named John.
    Konan, er hann var að tala við.
    The woman to whom he was talking.
    Þetta er borgin, er hann kom frá.
    This is the city from which he originated.
    Bærinn, er hún ætlar til.
    The town to which she's heading.
  2. (archaic) in relations with a demonstrative pronoun (this, that, these) or personal pronoun (I, we, they), which represents the genitive of a relative pronoun.
    Það er sú bók, er menn þekkja eigi höfund hennar.
    There is a book whose author people don't know.

Conjunction

er

  1. (with an "indexical"; ábendingarorð) of a place, of a time
    • Judges 2:19
      En er dómarinn andaðist, breyttu þeir að nýju verr en feður þeirra, með því að elta aðra guði til þess að þjóna þeim og falla fram fyrir þeim. Þeir létu eigi af gjörðum sínum né þrjóskubreytni sinni.
      But when the judge died, the people returned to ways even more corrupt than those of their ancestors, following other gods and serving and worshiping them. They refused to give up their evil practices and stubborn ways.
    Þar er ég kom.
    There whence I came.
    Þá er myndin var búin.
    When the movie was finished.

Derived terms

  • þá er þegar

References

  • er in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Kembra

Noun

er

  1. water

Latin

Etymology 1

From Proto-Italic *hēr, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰḗr (hedgehog) (whence also Ancient Greek χήρ (khḗr, hedgehog)), a root noun from *ǵʰer- (to be excited, be bristly), whence also Ancient Greek χοῖρος (khoîros, young pig) and Albanian derr (pig) from *ǵʰór-yos.

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /eːr/
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /er/, [ɛr]

Noun

ēr m (genitive ēris); third declension

  1. hedgehog
Usage notes

There is some uncertainty as to the exact forms of this word, especially regarding whether the lemma form of this was ēr or ēris, as the forms attested in literature could point to either option. Another form, irim (acc. sing.; found in Plautus, Capt. 184), seems to be a spelling variant.

Declension

Third-declension noun.

Related terms
  • ēricius (hedgehog; picket)

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /er/, [ɛr]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /er/, [ɛr]

Noun

er f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter R.
Usage notes
  • Multiple Latin names for the letter R, r have been suggested. The most common is er or a syllabic r, although there is some evidence which also supports, as names for the letter, , rrr, ər, , and even (in the fourth- or fifth-century first Antinoë papyrus, which gives Greek transliterations of the Latin names of the Roman alphabet’s letters) ιρρε (irrhe).
Coordinate terms
  • (Latin-script letter names) littera; ā, bē, cē, dē, ē, ef, gē, hā, ī, kā, el, em, en, ō, pē, kū, er, es, tē, ū, ix / īx / ex, ȳ / ī graeca / ȳpsīlon, zēta

References

  • ēr in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ēr in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), especially pages 30–31, 42–44, and 63

Latvian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɛɾ]

Noun

er m (invariable)

  1. The Latvian name of the Latin script letter R/r.

See also

  • Latvian letter names:
    a (A), garais ā (Ā), (B), (C), čē (Č), (D), e (E), garais ē (Ē), ef (F), (G), ģē (Ģ), (H), i (I), garais ī (Ī), (J), (K), ķē (Ķ), el (L), (Ļ), em (M), en (N), (Ņ), o (O), (P), er (R), es (S), (Š), (T), u (U), garais ū (Ū), (V), (Z), žē (Ž)

Low German

Pronoun

er

  1. Alternative spelling of ehr

Mambae

Noun

er

  1. water

References

  • Mambai Language Manual: Ainaro Dialect (2001)

Mandarin

Romanization

er

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ér.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of ěr.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of èr.

Usage notes

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Manx

Etymology

From Old Irish for.

Preposition

er

  1. on
  2. onto
  3. during
  4. for

Inflection

Pronoun

er

  1. third-person singular of er
    on him/it

Derived terms

  • ersyn (emphatic)

Middle Dutch

Adverb

er

  1. unstressed form of dāer

Middle English

Etymology 1

Determiner

er

  1. Alternative form of hire

Pronoun

er

  1. Alternative form of hire

References

  • “hir, (pron.1)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 10 May 2018.

Etymology 2

Pronoun

er

  1. Alternative form of hire

References

  • “hir(e), pron (2)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 10 June 2018.

Etymology 3

From Old English ēar.

Noun

er

  1. Alternative form of eere (ear of grain)

Etymology 4

Determiner

er

  1. Alternative form of here (their)
References
  • “her(e (pron.)” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 12 June 2018.

Etymology 5

From Old English ǣr.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛːr/

Adverb

er

  1. early
  2. earlier
  3. formerly
  4. rather
References
  • “ēr adv.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Mòcheno

Etymology

From Middle High German ër, from Old High German er, from Proto-West Germanic *iʀ (he, it), from Proto-Germanic *iz (he, she, it, they). Cognate with German er.

Pronoun

er

  1. he, it

Inflection

References

  • “er” in Cimbrian, Ladin, Mòcheno: Getting to know 3 peoples. 2015. Servizio minoranze linguistiche locali della Provincia autonoma di Trento, Trento, Italy.

Norwegian Bokmål

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /æːɾ/, /æɾ/

Verb

er

  1. present of være (=to be)

Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /æː(r)/, /eː(r)/ (example of pronunciation)

Verb

er

  1. present tense of vera and vere
  2. is, are, am (present of to be)

References

  • “vera” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
  • “er på engelsk”, in DinOrdbok, Nynorsk-engelsk oversettelse[2], accessed 2018-10-15

Old Dutch

Etymology

From Proto-West Germanic *airi, from Proto-Germanic *airiz.

Preposition

ēr

  1. before, earlier than

Descendants

  • Middle Dutch: êer
    • Dutch: eer
    • Limburgish: ieër

Further reading

  • “ēr (II)”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Conjunction

ēr

  1. ere, afore

Descendants

  • Middle Dutch: êer
    • Dutch: eer
    • Limburgish: ieër

Further reading

  • “ēr (III)”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Adverb

ēr

  1. previously, in an earlier period, in a bygone time
  2. earlier, before a certain time or period

Descendants

  • Middle Dutch: êer

Further reading

  • “ēr (I)”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old Frisian

Etymology 1

From Proto-West Germanic *airi, from Proto-Germanic *airiz. Cognates include Old English ǣr, Old Saxon ēr and Old Dutch ēr.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈeːr/

Adverb

ēr

  1. earlier, previously

Preposition

ēr (+ dative)

  1. (of time) before

Descendants

  • Saterland Frisian: eer
  • West Frisian: ear't

Etymology 2

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈeːr/

Noun

ēr f

  1. Alternative form of ēre

References

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN

Old High German

Etymology 1

From Proto-West Germanic *airi, from Proto-Germanic *airiz, whence also Old English ær.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /eːr/

Adjective

ēr

  1. early

Adverb

ēr

  1. ere, before
  2. formerly

Conjunction

ēr

  1. before, until

Preposition

ēr (+ dative)

  1. before

Etymology 2

From Proto-Germanic *aiz, akin to Old English ār, Old Norse eir.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /eːr/

Noun

ēr n

  1. ore
  2. brass
Descendants
  • Middle High German: er
    • Alemannic German: Eer
      • Alemannic German: eerig
  • Old High German: ērīn
    • Middle High German: ērīn
      • German: ehern

Etymology 3

From Proto-Germanic *iz (he), akin to Gothic 𐌹𐍃 (is, he), Latin is (he).

Alternative forms

  • her

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /er/

Pronoun

er

  1. he
Inflection
Descendants
  • Middle High German: ër
    • Alemannic German:
      High Alemannic: er, är
      Bernese: är
      Lucerne: aer
      Northeastern: ar
      Walser: är
      Low Alemannic:
      Alsatian: ar, er, ër
      Badisch: er
      Swabian: er, ear
      Swabian Jura: ear
    • Bavarian: er
      Cimbrian: èar, er, ar
      Mòcheno: er
    • Central Franconian:
      Hunsrik: er, ëyer
      Moselle Franconian: er
    • East Central German:
      High Prussian: er
      Lusatian: ar
      South Marchian:
      Berlinerisch: ea
      Silesian German:
      Lower Silesian German: a
      North Moravian: ar
      Upper Silesian German: a
      Thuringian: er
      Central Thuringian: er
      West Thuringian: aa
      Upper Saxon: är
      Erzgebirgisch: aorr
      Meißnisch: är
      Osterländisch: är
    • German: er
    • East Franconian: er, ea
      Main Franconian: ar
      South Franconian: er
    • Rhine Franconian:
      Upper Hessian: er
      Lorraine Franconian: ér, éa
      Palatine German: er
      Pennsylvania German: er
    • Yiddish: ער(er)

References

  • Joseph Wright, An Old High German Primer

Old Norse

Alternative forms

  • es, -s

Etymology

From Old Norse es. The final -s was replaced by -r due to analogy to the plural forms of vera.

Pronoun

er

  1. who, which, that
    • verse 76 of the Hávamál (1996 translation by Carolyne Larrington)

Conjunction

er

  1. where
  2. when

Verb

er

  1. third-person singular indicative present of vera

Descendants

  • Faroese: er
  • Icelandic: er
  • Westrobothnian: -es

References

  • er in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Old Saxon

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛːr/

Etymology 1

From Proto-Germanic *airiz, whence also Old English ær.

Adjective

ēr

  1. early
Declension


Adverb

ēr

  1. before, ere
  2. formerly

Conjunction

ēr

  1. before

Preposition

ēr (+ dative)

  1. before

Etymology 2

From Proto-Germanic *aiz, whence also Old English ār.

Noun

ēr ?

  1. copper, bronze
  2. ore
Descendants
  • Middle Low German: ēr

Etymology 3

From Proto-Germanic *airuz. Cognate with Old English ār, Old Norse árr, Gothic 𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌿𐍃 (airus).

Noun

ēr m

  1. messenger, herald

Pennsylvania German

Etymology

Compare German er.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛɐ̯/

Pronoun

er

  1. he

Declension


Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛr/

Noun

er f

  1. genitive plural of era

Scots

Verb

er

  1. (South Scots) Second-person simple present form of ti be
  2. (South Scots) Plural simple present form of ti be
  3. (South Scots) First-person singular simple present form of an obscure form of ti be
    A'm er so!

Usage notes

Used emphatically. See ir.


Swedish

Etymology

Contraction of earlier eder, from Old Norse yðr, from Proto-Germanic *izwiz, dative/accusative of *jūz, from Proto-Indo-European *yū́.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /eːr/

Pronoun

er c (neuter possessive only ert, plural era)

  1. you (plural, object)
  2. (possessive) your, yours; (speaking to more than one person, about one object)
    Synonym: eran (informal)
  3. (reflexive) reflexive of ni; compare yourselves

Usage notes

  • See ni for a note on its use as a courteous 2nd person singular.
  • Even though er (2) and its archaic form eder is the possessive pronoun, it does have a genitive form ers and eders, which is only used in expressions like ers majestät (your majesty) and ers höghet (your highness).

Declension

Anagrams

  • -re, re-

Turkish

Etymology 1

From Old Turkic er(er), from Proto-Turkic *ẹ̄r (early).

Adjective

er

  1. (regionalism) early

Etymology 2

From Old Turkic er(er), from Proto-Turkic *ēr (man). Related to noun-forming suffix -er.

Noun

er (definite accusative eri, plural erler)

  1. brave
  2. man, male
  3. noble
  4. conscript, private (soldier of the lowest rank of the army)
  5. tribesman
  6. warrior
Declension

Etymology 3

Verb

er

  1. second-person singular imperative of ermek

Welsh

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ɛr/

Etymology 1

Conjunction

er

  1. although

Derived terms

  • er mwyn (for the sake of; in order to)
  • er gwaethaf (despite)
  • ers (since)

Etymology 2

Noun

er f (plural eriau)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter R.

Mutation

See also

  • (Latin-script letter names) llythyren; a, bi, ec, èch, di, èdd, e, èf, èff, èg, eng, aetsh, i/i dot, je, ce, el, èll, em, en, o, pi, ffi, ciw, er, rhi, ès, ti, èth, u/u bedol, fi, w, ecs, y, sèd (Category: cy:Latin letter names)

West Frisian

Pronoun

er

  1. clitic form of hy used before the object or after the verb.

Source: wiktionary.org
  • used to express hesitation.
    (source: Collins Scrabble Dictionary)