(Latin-script letter names)letter; a, bee, cee, dee, e, ef, gee, aitch, i, jay, kay, el, em, en, o, pee, cue, ar, ess, tee, u, vee, double-u, ex, wye, zee / zed
From the fact that crossing something out often results in the shape of the letter X.
ex (third-person singular simple presentexes, present participleexing, simple past and past participleexed)
To delete; to cross out
Standalone use of prefix ex-
(colloquial) A former partner or spouse, usually short for ex-girlfriend, ex-boyfriend, ex-wife or ex-husband.
ex (not comparable)
Ex-, former, previously but no longer.
From Latinex(“out of, from”); originated as a telegraphic abbreviation
ex (not comparable)
(rail transport, of a train) the place the train originated from or called at prior to the present location.
ex is always followed by a location and frequently preceded by a time or other identifier of the specific train. The time may be either the time it was scheduled to depart the given location or the time it was scheduled to pass the current location.
Clipping of expensive.
ex (comparativemore ex, superlativemost ex)
(Singapore, colloquial) expensive, dear
exm or f (pluralex)
exm or f (pluralexen, diminutiveexjen)
singular imperative of exen
(colloquial)first-person singular present of exen
(colloquial)ex(ex-husband, ex-wife or ex-partner)
exn (genitive singularex, nominative pluralex)
The name of the Latin-script letter X.
exm or f (invariable)
ex (ex-boyfriend, girlfriend)
(Classical) IPA(key): /eks/, [ɛks̠]
(Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /eks/, [ɛks]
(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)
A name of the letter X.
Multiple Latin names for the letter X, x have been suggested. The most common are ix or īx, ex, or a syllabicx, although there is some evidence which also supports such names for the letter as xē and xə.
(name of the letter X):ix, īx
(Latin-script letter names)littera; ā, bē, cē, dē, ē, ef, gē, hā / *acca, ī, kā, el, em, en, ō, pē, kū, er, es, tē, ū, ix / īx / ex, ȳ / ī graeca / ȳpsīlon, zēta
Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), especially pages 30–31, 42–44, and 63
From Proto-Indo-European*h₁eǵʰs(“out”). Cognates include Ancient Greekἐξ(ex) or ἐκ(ek), Old Irishess-, a, ass, Lithuanianìš and Old Church Slavonicиз(iz).
ex (+ ablative)
out of, from
Sometimes apocopated with compensatory lengthening as ē. In cases where the following ablative noun begins with a vowel or h, only ex is used. Besides that, there are no rules for the use of either ē or ex, with both forms even used in the same sentence (e.g. "qui ex corporum vinculis tamquam e carcere evolaverunt”, Cicero, Republic 6, 14).
ex in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
ex in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
ex in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
ex in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
ex in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700, pre-publication website, 2005-2016
ex in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 195f
Alternative form of ax(“axe”)
(Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈe(j)s/, /ˈe(j)ʃ/
Homophones: ex-, Es, -ês
exm, f (pluralex)
(colloquial)ex(an ex-husband, ex-wife or ex-partner)
IPA(key): /ˈeɡs/, [ˈeɣ̞s]
exm or f (pluralexes)
ex (ex-husband, ex-wife or ex-partner)
ex (indeclinable, always before the noun)
former, ex- (referring to a condition that has ended)
In many cases this is interchangeable with using ex-; for example, the former governor of a province could be called the ex gobernador or the exgobernador.
According to the DRAE, the prefix ex- is preferred for single words (excapitán - former captain), while ex is preferred for multiword terms (ex primera dama - former first lady)