Definitions and meaning of gem
Inherited from Middle English gemme, gimme, yimme, ȝimme, from Old English ġimm, from Proto-West Germanic *gimmu (“gem”) and Old French gemme (“gem”), both from Latin gemma (“a swelling bud; jewel, gem”). Doublet of gemma and Gemma.
- IPA(key): /d͡ʒɛm/
- (pin–pen merger) IPA(key): /d͡ʒɪm/
- Rhymes: -ɛm
gem (countable and uncountable, plural gems)
- A precious stone, usually of substantial monetary value or prized for its beauty or shine.
- 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, London: William Ponsonbie, Book 1, Canto 10, p. 144,
- And on her head she wore a tyre of gold,
- Adornd with gemmes and owches wondrous fayre,
- Whose passing price vneath was to be told;
- c. 1602, William Shakespeare, All’s Well That Ends Well, Act V, Scene 3,
- Of six preceding ancestors, that gem,
- Conferr’d by testament to the sequent issue,
- Hath it been owed and worn. This is his wife;
- That ring’s a thousand proofs.
- 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 4, lines 647-649,
- […] then silent Night
- With this her solemn Bird and this fair Moon,
- And these the Gemms of Heav’n, her starrie train:
- (figuratively) Any precious or highly valued thing or person.
- She's an absolute gem.
- Anything of small size, or expressed within brief limits, which is regarded as a gem on account of its beauty or value, such as a small picture, a verse of poetry, or an epigram.
- a gem of wit
- (obsolete) A gemma or leaf-bud.
- c. 1668, John Denham (translator), Of Old Age by Cato the Elder, Part 3, in Poems and Translations, with The Sophy, London: H. Herringman, 4th edition, 1773, p. 35,
- Then from the Joynts of thy prolifick Stemm
- A swelling Knot is raised (call’d a Gemm)
- 1803, John Browne Cutting, “A Succinct History of Jamaica” in Robert Charles Dallas, The History of the Maroons, London: Longman and Rees, Volume 1, p. xcii,
- In about twelve days the sprouts from the gems of the planted cane are seen […]
- A type of geometrid moth, Orthonama obstipata.
- (computing) A package containing programs or libraries for the Ruby programming language.
- (uncountable, printing, uncommon, obsolete) A size of type between brilliant (4-point) and diamond (4½-point), running 222 lines to the foot.
- (precious stone): gemstone, jewel, precious stone; see also Thesaurus:gemstone
- Gem County
- Gem State
gem (third-person singular simple present gems, present participle gemming, simple past and past participle gemmed)
- (transitive) To adorn with, or as if with, gems.
- Wikipedia article on Gemstones
- EGM, EMG, MEG, MGE, Meg, meg, meg-
Together with gemb, a phonetic variant of gjemb.
From Middle High German geben, from Old High German geban, from Proto-West Germanic *geban, from Proto-Germanic *gebaną.
Cognate with German geben, Dutch geven, obsolete English yive, Icelandic gefa.
gem (strong class 5, auxiliary håm)
- (Luserna) to give
- Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Luserna / Lusérn: Le nostre parole / Ünsarne börtar / Unsere Wörter [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle isole linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien
- imperative of gemme
From English game, from Middle English game, gamen, gammen, from Old English gamen (“sport, joy, mirth, pastime, game, amusement, pleasure”), from Proto-West Germanic *gaman, from Proto-Germanic *gamaną (“amusement, pleasure, game”), from *ga- (collective prefix) + *mann- (“man”); or alternatively from *ga- + a root from Proto-Indo-European *men- (“to think, have in mind”).
gem m inan
- (tennis) game (part of a set)
- gem in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
- gem in Polish dictionaries at PWN
From English jam.
gem n (plural gemuri)
- jam (sweet mixture of fruit boiled with sugar)
- first-person singular present indicative of geme
- first-person singular present subjunctive of geme
- third-person plural present indicative of geme
The paper clip's most common design was originally thought to be made by The Gem Manufacturing Company in Britain in the 1870s. More at paper clip.
- a paper clip
From English game
- (tennis) a game; part of a set
- gem in Svenska Akademiens ordlista (SAOL)
- gem in Svenska Akademiens ordbok (SAOB)
Perhaps borrowed from French germain.
gem (nominative plural gems)
- 1949, "Lifajenäd brefik cifala: ‚Jakob Sprenger‛", in Volapükagased pro Nedänapükans, issue 4, 13-14.
- ‚Jakob‛ äbinom cil mälid se gems vel: blods lul e sörs tel.
- Jakob was the sixth child out of seven siblings: five brothers and two sisters.
- blod (“brother”)
- higem (“brother”)
- jiblod (“sister”)
- jigem (“sister”)
- sör (“sister”)
- (collective) gemef (“brother(s) and/or sister(s)”)
- (adjective) gemik (“sibling”)
- to adorn with gems.
(source: Collins Scrabble Dictionary)