From Middle Englishhindren, from Old Englishhindrian, from Proto-Germanic*hindrōną, *hinderōną(“to hinder”), from Proto-Germanic*hinder(“back”) (adverb). Cognate with Dutchhinderen and Germanhindern, Latincontra(“back, against”).
(Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈhɪndə/
(US) IPA(key): /ˈhɪndɚ/
hinder (third-person singular simple presenthinders, present participlehindering, simple past and past participlehindered)
(transitive) To make difficult to accomplish; to frustrate, act as obstacle.
A drought hinders the growth of plants.
1599, William Shakespeare, Henry V act ii, scene 2 (act i; First Folio ed.):
Since God ſo graciouſly hath brought to light This dangerous Treaſon, lurking in our way, To hinder our beginnings.
(transitive, intransitive) To keep back; to delay or impede; to prevent.
1591, William Shakespeare, The Two Gentlemen of Verona act ii, scene 7 (First Folio ed.):
Then let me goe, and hinder not my courſe
(Can we date this quote by John Locke and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
What hinders younger brothers, being fathers of families, from having the same right?
(transitive, obsolete) To cause harm.
For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:hinder.
(For some cases) Recommendations against the use of this word in legal prose, together with suggested replacements, are found in Svarta listan : Ord och fraser som kan ersättas i författningsspråk (4th ed., 2011), published by the government of Sweden.