From Middle Englishlond, land, from Old Englishland, lond(“earth, land, soil, ground; defined piece of land, territory, realm, province, district; landed property; country (not town); ridge in a ploughed field”), from Proto-West Germanic*land, from Proto-Germanic*landą(“land”), from Proto-Indo-European*lendʰ-(“land, heath”).
Cognate with Scotslaund(“land”), West Frisianlân(“land”), Dutchland(“land, country”), GermanLand(“land, country, state”), Norwegian and Swedishland(“land, country, shore, territory”), Icelandicland(“land”). Non-Germanic cognates include Old Irishlann(“heath”), Welshllan(“enclosure”), Bretonlann(“heath”), Old Church Slavonicлѧдо(lędo), from Proto-Slavic*lęda(“heath, wasteland”) and Albanianlëndinë(“heath, grassland”).
land (countable and uncountable, plurallands)
The part of Earth which is not covered by oceans or other bodies of water.
Most insects live on land.
Real estate or landed property; a partitioned and measurable area which is owned and on which buildings can be erected.
There are 50 acres of land in this estate.
A country or region.
They come from a faraway land.
A person's country of origin and/or homeplace; homeland.
The soil, in respect to its nature or quality for farming.
wet land; good or bad land for growing potatoes
(often in combination) realm, domain.
I'm going to Disneyland.
Maybe that's how it works in TV-land, but not in the real world.
(agriculture) The ground left unploughed between furrows; any of several portions into which a field is divided for ploughing.
(Irish English, colloquial) A shock or fright.
He got an awful land when the police arrived.
(electronics) A conducting area on a board or chip which can be used for connecting wires.
On a compact disc or similar recording medium, an area of the medium which does not have pits.
1935, H. Courtney Bryson, The Gramophone Record (page 72)
Now, assume that the recording is being done with 100 grooves per inch, and that the record groove is .006 inch wide. This means that the land on either side on any given groove in the absence of sound waves is .004 inch.
(travel) The non-airline portion of an itinerary. Hotel, tours, cruises, etc.
Our city offices sell a lot more land than our suburban offices.
(obsolete) The ground or floor.
(nautical) The lap of the strakes in a clinker-built boat; the lap of plates in an iron vessel; called also landing.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
In any surface prepared with indentations, perforations, or grooves, that part of the surface which is not so treated, such as the level part of a millstone between the furrows.
(ballistics) The space between the rifling grooves in a gun.
(Scotland, historical) A group of dwellings or tenements under one roof and having a common entry.
land (third-person singular simple presentlands, present participlelanding, simple past and past participlelanded)
(intransitive) To descend to a surface, especially from the air.
The plane is about to land.
(dated) To alight, to descend from a vehicle.
1859, “Rules adopted by the Sixth Avenue Railway, N. Y.”, quoted in Alexander Easton, A Practical Treatise on Street or Horse-Power Railways, page 108:
10. You will be civil and attentive to passengers, giving proper assistance to ladies and children getting in or out, and never start the car before passengers are fairly received or landed.
(intransitive) To come into rest.
(intransitive) To arrive on land, especially a shore or dock, from a body of water.
(transitive) To bring to land.
It can be tricky to land a helicopter.
Use the net to land the fish.
(transitive) To acquire; to secure.
(transitive) To deliver. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
(intransitive) To go down well with an audience.
Some of the comedian's jokes failed to land.
From Old Englishhland.
From Dutchland, from Old Dutchlant, from Proto-Germanic*landą, from Proto-Indo-European*lendʰ-(“land, heath”).
IPA(key): /lant/, [länt], [lant]
IPA(key): /lanˀ/, [lanˀ]
From Old Danishland, from Old Norseland, from Proto-Germanic*landą, cognate with Englishland, GermanLand.
From Proto-West Germanic*land, from Proto-Germanic*landą, from Proto-Indo-European*lendʰ-(“land, heath”). Cognate with Old Saxonland, Old Frisianland, lond, Old Dutchlant (Dutchland), Old High Germanlant (GermanLand), Old Norseland (Swedishland), Gothic𐌻𐌰𐌽𐌳(land). The Proto-Indo-European root is also the source of Proto-Celtic*landā (Welshllan(“enclosure”), Bretonlann(“heath”)).
land (dry portion of the Earth's surface)
region within a country: district, province
the country, countryside
owned or tilled land, an estate
belandian(“to bereave of land, dispossess”)
belendan(“to bereave of land, dispossess”)
ġelandian(“to land, to become land”)
ġelendan(“to near, land, or come into lands as wealth”)
lendan(“to come to land”)
Middle English: lond
Scots: laund, land
Yola: lhoan, lone
Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller (1898) , “land”, in An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, 2nd edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Alternative spelling of lann
From Proto-Germanic*landą, from Proto-Indo-European*lendʰ-(“land, heath”). Cognate with Old Saxonland, Old Frisianland, lond, Old Englishland, lond, Old Dutchlant, Old High Germanlant, Gothic𐌻𐌰𐌽𐌳(land).
landn (genitivelands, plurallǫnd)
Old Swedish: land
Old Danish: land
Gutnish: land, lande, landi
land inGeir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press
From Proto-West Germanic*land.
Cognate with Old Englishland, lond, Old Frisianland, lond, Dutchland, Old High Germanlant (GermanLand), Old Norseland (Swedishland), Gothic𐌻𐌰𐌽𐌳(land). The Proto-Indo-European root is also the source of Proto-Celtic*landā (Welshllan(“enclosure”), Bretonlann(“heath”)).
Middle Low German: lant
Dutch Low Saxon: laand
German Low German: Land
From Old Norseland, from Proto-Germanic*landą.
From GermanLand, from Middle High Germanlant, from Old High Germanlant, from Proto-West Germanic*land, from Proto-Germanic*landą, from Proto-Indo-European*lendʰ-(“land, heath”).
Land (federal state in Austria and Germany)
(Poznań)countryside (rural area)
land in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
land in Polish dictionaries at PWN
land(German and Austrian province)
one of the federal states of Germany
“land” in Diccionario de la lengua española, Vigésima tercera edición, Real Academia Española, 2014.
From Old Swedishland, from Old Norseland, from Proto-Germanic*landą, from Proto-Indo-European*lendʰ-(“land, heath”).
IPA(key): /land/, [l̪an̪ːd̪], (colloquial)/lan/
a land, a country, a nation, a state
(uncountable) land, ground, earth, territory; as opposed to sea or air
(uncountable) land, countryside, earth, ground suitable for farming; as opposed to towns and cities
a garden plot, short for trädgårdsland; small piece of ground for growing vegetables, flowers, etc.
(neither sea nor air):backe, landbacke, mark
(ground suitable for farming):mark(owned land in general, for farming or not)