From Middle Englishset, sete, sette(“that which is set, the act of setting, seat”), from Old Englishset(“setting, seat, a place where people remain, habitation, camp, entrenchment, a place where animals are kept, stall, fold”) and Old Englishseten(“a set, shoot, slip, branch; a nursery, plantation; that which is planted or set; a cultivated place; planting, cultivation; a setting, putting; a stopping; occupied land”), related to Old Englishsettan(“to set”). Compare Middle Low Germangesette(“a set, suite”), Old Englishgesetl(“assembly”). According to Skeat, in senses denoting a group of things or persons, representing an alteration of sept, from Old Frenchsette(“a religious sect”), from Medieval Latinsecta(“retinue”), from Latinsecta(“a faction”). See sect. It is quite possible that the modern word is more of a merger between both, however.
A young plant fit for setting out; a slip; shoot.
A rudimentary fruit.
The setting of the sun or other luminary; (by extension) the close of the day.
?, Alfred Tennyson, Adeline
the set of day
(literally and figuratively) General movement; direction; drift; tendency.
1840, Thomas De Quincey, Style
Here and there, amongst individuals alive to the particular evils of the age, and watching the very set of the current, there may have been even a more systematic counteraction applied to the mischief.
A matching collection of similar things. (Note the similar meaning in Etymology 1, Noun.)
a set of tables
A collection of various objects for a particular purpose.
a set of tools
An object made up of several parts.
a set of steps
(set theory) A collection of zero or more objects, possibly infinite in size, and disregarding any order or repetition of the objects which may be contained within it.
(in plural, “sets”, mathematics, informal) Set theory.
A group of people, usually meeting socially.
the country set
The scenery for a film or play.
(dance) The initial or basic formation of dancers.
(exercise) A group of repetitions of a single exercise performed one after the other without rest.
1974, Charles Gaines & George Butler, Pumping Iron: The Art and Sport of Bodybuilding, page 22.
This is the fourth set of benchpresses.
(tennis) A complete series of games, forming part of a match.
(volleyball) A complete series of points, forming part of a match.
(volleyball) The act of directing the ball to a teammate for an attack.
(music) A musical performance by a band, disc jockey, etc., consisting of several musical pieces.
(music) A drum kit, a drum set.
He plays the set on Saturdays.
(Britain, education) A class group in a subject where pupils are divided by ability.
(poker, slang) Three of a kind, especially if two cards are in one's hand and the third is on the board. Compare trips(“three of a kind, especially with two cards on the board and one in one's hand”).
(close of the day):dusk, eve, evening, sundown, sunset
(group of people, usually meeting socially):club, coterie
(performance of several musical pieces):gig, session
(drum kit):drums, drum kit, drum set
(three of a kind):three of a kind
(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)
set (third-person singular simple presentsets, present participlesetting, simple past and past participlesetted)
(Britain, education) To divide a class group in a subject according to ability
2008, Patricia Murphy, Robert McCormick, Knowledge and Practice: Representations and Identities
In setted classes, students are brought together because they are believed to be of similar 'ability'. Yet, setted lessons are often conducted as though students are not only similar, but identical—in terms of ability, preferred learning style and pace of working.
-est, EST, ETS, ETs, Est, Est., STE, StE, Ste, Ste., TEs, TSE, Tse, est, est., tse
set (plural [please provide])
The name of the Latin-script letter Z.
From Old Occitan, from Latinseptem(“seven”), from Proto-Indo-European*septḿ̥.
(Balearic, Central, Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈsɛt/
setm or f
set pecats capitals
From Latinsitis, from Proto-Indo-European*dʰgʷʰítis.
(Balearic) IPA(key): /ˈsət/
(Central) IPA(key): /ˈsɛt/
(Valencian) IPA(key): /ˈset/
“set” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
“set” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
“set” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
“set” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.
sofa, couch, settee
(tennis, volleyball) set (part of a match in sports like tennis and volleyball)
See the etymology of the main entry.
genitive plural of sto
set in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
set in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
past participle of se
Homophones: cet, cette, sept, sète
“set” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
est, Ste., tes
From Englishset, alteration of sept, from Old Frenchsette(“a religious sect”), from Medieval Latinsecta(“retinue”), from Latinsecta(“a faction”).