By in Scrabble Dictionary

What does by mean? Is by a Scrabble word?

How many points in Scrabble is by worth? by how many points in Words With Friends? What does by mean? Get all these answers on this page.

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Is by a Scrabble word?

Yes. The word by is a Scrabble US word. The word by is worth 7 points in Scrabble:

B3Y4

Is by a Scrabble UK word?

Yes. The word by is a Scrabble UK word and has 7 points:

B3Y4

Is by a Words With Friends word?

Yes. The word by is a Words With Friends word. The word by is worth 7 points in Words With Friends (WWF):

B4Y3

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You can make 1 words from 'by' in our Scrabble US and Canada dictionary.


2 letters words from 'by'

BY 7 

Definitions and meaning of by

by

Alternative forms

  • bye (archaic for preposition and adverb, not used for abbreviation, preferred for noun and interjection)

Etymology

From Middle English by, bi, from Old English (by; near; around), from Proto-Germanic *bi (near; by; around; about). Cognate with West Frisian by (by; near), Afrikaans by (at; by; near), Saterland Frisian bie (near; by), Dutch bij (near; by), German Low German bi (by; near; at), German bei (by; near; at).

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) enPR: , IPA(key): /baɪ/
  • Rhymes: -aɪ
  • Homophones: bi, bye, buy

Preposition

by

  1. Near or next to.
  2. From one side of something to the other, passing close by; past.
  3. Not later than (the given time); not later than the end of (the given time interval).
  4. Indicates the person or thing that does or causes something: Through the action or presence of.
    1. With a passive verb.
    2. With a noun.
      There was a call by the unions for a 30% pay rise.
    3. (not in common modern use) With an adjective.
      I was aghast by what I saw.
      • 1874, Thomas Hardy, Far from the Madding Crowd, 2005 Barnes & Noble Classics publication of 1912 Wessex edition, p.109:
        In other directions the fields and sky were so much of one colour by the snow that it was difficult in a hasty glance to tell whereabouts the horizon occurred [].
  5. Indicates the creator of a work: Existing through the authorship etc. of.
  6. Indicates a means of achieving something: Involving/using the means of.
    The electricity was cut off, so we had to read by candlelight.
    • "I don't want to spoil any comparison you are going to make," said Jim, "but I was at Winchester and New College." ¶ "That will do," said Mackenzie. "I was dragged up at the workhouse school till I was twelve. Then I ran away and sold papers in the streets, and anything else that I could pick up a few coppers by—except steal. []"
    • 1945, Neva L. Boyd, Handbook of Recreational Games, 1975 Dover edition, →ISBN, p.16:
      Players: Can we get there by candlelight? ¶ Gatekeepers: Yes and back again.
    • 1960, Dr. Seuss, One Fish Two Fish Red Fish Blue Fish
      By the light of the moon, / by the light of a star / they walked all night
  7. Indicates an authority according to which something is done.
    1. Invokes an authority in an oath.
      • 1596-99, Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act V, scene i:
        By yonder moon I swear you do me wrong
  8. Indicates a means of classification or organisation.
  9. Indicates the amount of change, difference or discrepancy
  10. In the formulae X by X and by Xs, indicates a steady progression, one X after another.
  11. Indicates a referenced source: According to.
  12. Used to separate dimensions when describing the size of something.
  13. (horse breeding) Designates a horse's male parent (sire); cf. out of.
    She's a lovely little filly, by Big Lad, out of Damsel in Distress.

Derived terms

Translations

Adverb

by (not comparable)

  1. Along a path which runs past the speaker.
    I watched as it passed by.
  2. In the vicinity, near.
    There was a shepherd close by.
    The shop is hard by the High Street.
  3. To or at a place, as a residence or place of business.
    I'll stop by on my way home from work.
    We're right near the lifeguard station. Come by before you leave.
  4. Aside, away.
    The women spent much time after harvest putting jams by for winter and spring.

Derived terms

Translations

Adjective

by (not comparable)

  1. Out of the way, subsidiary.

(Can we add an example for this sense?)

Antonyms

  • main, principal

Derived terms

  • bypass
  • byroad
  • bystander
  • byway

Noun

by (plural bys)

  1. Alternative form of bye

Interjection

by

  1. Alternative spelling of bye

Anagrams

  • yb

Afrikaans

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bəi/, [bə̟i̯]

Etymology 1

From Dutch bij, from Middle Dutch bi, from Old Dutch .

Preposition

by

  1. at
  2. to
  3. by

Etymology 2

From Dutch bij, from Middle Dutch bie, from Old Dutch *bīa.

Noun

by (plural bye)

  1. bee
Derived terms
  • heuningby
  • hommelby

Czech

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɪ/

Particle

by

  1. third-person singular conditional subjunctive of být; would
  2. (clipping, informal); would

Usage notes

  • In formal language, it is used for the third person of the infinitive být, both singular and plural and with the second person of the verb být.
  • In colloquial Czech, by is commonly used in place of other conditional forms of být in both singular and plural if the subject is deducible from context (from the conjugated form of the verb). That is, by is a shared shorthand for bych, bys, bychom and byste.

Related terms

  • aby
  • bych
  • bychom
  • bys
  • byste
  • kdyby

Further reading

  • by in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • by in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

Etymology

From Old Norse býr (settlement). Related to the element -by in English place names, such as Whitby.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /byː/, [b̥yːˀ]

Noun

by c (singular definite byen, plural indefinite byer)

  1. town, city

Inflection

Related terms


Japanese

Etymology

Borrowed from English by.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ba̠i]

Particle

by(バイ) • (bai

  1. (informal) Used to sign off a message/attribute a text.
    • 2002, [2]
      ココにはバッファから生成したMAPのTEXTURE希望 by JAMAD
    • 2007, 『さよなら絶望先生』 第5話[3]
      己を知らされば、戦う毎に必ず殆し。by 孫子
    • 2009, 『けいおん!』 第4話[4]
      めざせ武道館!! by 軽音部!

Lower Sorbian

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [bɨ]

Verb

by (defective, invariable)

  1. would (used with the past active participle to form a conditional)

Usage notes

This verb may be omitted before the past active participles of móc (be able to), kśěś (want to), and dejaś (ought to).

Derived terms

  • aby (that...would)
  • gaby (if...would)
  • gdyby (if...would)
  • njeby (would not)

Further reading

  • by in Ernst Muka/Mucke (St. Petersburg and Prague 1911–28): Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow / Wörterbuch der nieder-wendischen Sprache und ihrer Dialekte. Reprinted 2008, Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.
  • by in Manfred Starosta (1999): Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.

Manx

Alternative forms

  • b'
  • b-

Particle

by (triggers lenition)

  1. past/conditional of s'
  2. (dated) Past and conditional form of s' (used to introduce the comparative and superlative form of adjectives)

Middle English

Verb

by

  1. be

Norwegian Bokmål

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /byː/, [byː]

Etymology 1

From Old Norse býr (place (to camp or settle), land, property, lot; and later settlement).

Noun

by m (definite singular byen, indefinite plural byer, definite plural byene)

  1. town, city (regardless of population size or land area)
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From byde, from Old Norse bjóða, from Proto-Germanic *beudaną (to offer), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewdʰ- (to wake, rise up).

Alternative forms

  • byde

Verb

by (imperative by, present tense byr, simple past bød or bøy or bydde, past participle budt or bydd)

  1. to bid; offer
  2. to ask; invite
  3. to command; order

References

  • “by” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /byː/

Etymology 1

From Old Norse býr (place (to camp or settle), land, property, lot; and later settlement).

Noun

by m (definite singular byen, indefinite plural byar, definite plural byane)

  1. town, city (regardless of population size or land area)
Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Old Norse bjóða, from Proto-Germanic *beudaną (to offer), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewdʰ- (to wake, rise up). Akin to English bid

Alternative forms

  • byda, byde (long forms)

Verb

by (present tense byr, past tense baud or bydde, supine bode or bydd or bydt, past participle boden or bydd, present participle bydande, imperative by)

  1. to command, order
    Eg byd deg å stoppe.
    I command you to stop.
  2. to bid, offer
    Eg byd deg 100 kroner.
    I offer you a 100 NOK.
  3. to offer
    Bestemor baud på småkaker.
    Granny offered us cookies.

References

  • “by” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Polish

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /bɨ/

Particle

by

  1. (always before a verb) a particle used to make conditional mood; would, should
    On by tam nie poszedł. = On nie poszedłby tam. — He would not go there.

Synonyms

  • -by (suffix)

Conjunction

by

  1. in order to, so that

Synonyms

  • aby, żeby

Further reading

  • by in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • by in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old Swedish bȳr, (village, farm, town), from Old Norse býr. Cognate with Danish by (“town, city”, whence also Faroese býur with the same meaning), Norwegian Bokmål by (town, city) and Norwegian Nynorsk by (town, city).

Noun

by c

  1. village
  2. (obsolete) farm
  3. (obsolete) town, city

Declension

Derived terms

Etymology 2

From Dutch bui or Low German , böe, böje. Cognate with Danish byge, Norwegian Bokmål byge, bøye and Norwegian Nynorsk bye, bøye.

Noun

by c

  1. gust, rush of wind

Declension

Derived terms

References

  • by in Elof Hellquist, Svensk etymologisk ordbok (1st ed., 1922)
  • by in Nationalencyklopedin (needs an authorization fee).
  • by in Svenska Akademiens ordbok (SAOB)

West Frisian

Pronunciation

  • (Clay) IPA(key): /bɛi̯/
  • (Wood) IPA(key): /bi/

Preposition

by

  1. near to
  2. in relation to

Further reading

  • “by”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Source: wiktionary.org
  • a pass to the next round (of a competition, etc.).
    (source: Collins Scrabble Dictionary)