Definitions and meaning of raca
Borrowed from Ancient Greek ῥακά (rhaká), from Aramaic רֵיקָא (rēqā, “worthless person”) or Classical Syriac ܪܝܩܐ (rēqā, “vanity”).
raca (Ecclesiastical Latin)
- idiot!, putz!
- 4th C. CE, Saint Jerome, Vulgate, Matthew 5:22:
- Quī autem dīxerit frātrī suō, raca!, reus erit conciliō.
- And whoever says to his brother, idiot!, shall be liable to answer to the council.
- 397 CE, Tyrannius Rufinus (translator), Instituta Monachorum, question 145, original author: Basil of Caesarea, in Patrologia Latina (volume 103), Jacques-Paul Migne (editor), Paris 1851, column 538:
- Quid est raca? Respōnsum: Prōvinciālis, id est, gentīlis illīus sermō est velut convīciī leviōris, quod domesticīs et hīs quōrum fīdūciam quis gerit, dīcī solet.
- What is raca? The answer: A provincial, that is, a pagan word used for example as a mild insult, which is usually said to servants and to those who rely on you.
raca n (indeclinable) (Ecclesiastical Latin, hapax)
- (metonymically) the act of calling someone ‘raca‘.
- c. 393 CE, Saint Jerome, Against Jovinianus 2.31, in Patrologia Latina (volume 23), Jacques-Paul Migne (editor), Paris 1883, column 342:
- Dē eō autem quod nīteris approbāre, convīcium et homicīdium, raca et adulterium, et ōtiōsum sermōnem, et impietātem ūnō suppliciō repēnsārī, […]
- As to the fact that you argue that an insult and a murder, calling somebody a putz and adultery, idle talk and impiety should be rewarded with the same punishment, […]
- “racha” in volume 11, part 2, column 18, line 63 in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae (TLL Open Access), Berlin (formerly Leipzig): De Gruyter (formerly Teubner), 1900–present
From Proto-Germanic *rakō, *rekô (“rake”).
From Italian razzo, from Latin radius.
- sztuczne ognie
- raca in Polish dictionaries at PWN
Possibly from Albanian rosë.
- duck (aquatic bird of the family Anatidae)
- “raca”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran
- (Aramaic) empty, worthless (used as term of derision in Matthew 5.22).
(source: Collins Scrabble Dictionary)