Note: these 'words' (valid or invalid) are all the permutations of the word not. These words are obtained by scrambling the letters in not.
Definitions and meaning of not
From Middle Englishnot, nat, variant of noght, naht(“not, nothing”), from Old English*nōht, nāht(“nought, nothing”), short for nōwiht, nāwiht(“nothing”, literally “not anything”), corresponding to ne(“not”) + ōwiht, āwiht(“anything”), corresponding to ā(“ever, always”) + wiht(“thing, creature”). Cognate with Scotsnat, naucht(“not”), Saterland Frisiannit(“not”), West Frisiannet(“not”), Dutchniet(“not”), Germannicht(“not”). Compare nought, naught and aught. More at no, wight, whit.
Homophone: naught, nought(cot–caught merger)
not (not comparable)
Negates the meaning of the modified verb.
1973 November 17, Richard Milhous Nixon, Orlando press conference:
People have got to know whether or not their president is a crook. Well, I'm not a crook. I've earned everything I've got.
1991, Stephen Fry, The Liar, p. 59:
The sound of Abba singing 'Dancing Queen' had started up in a room the other side of the court. Adrian slammed the window shut. ‘That'll teach you to throw things out of the window,’ said Gary. ‘It'll teach me not to throw things out of the window.’
1998 January 26, William Jefferson Clinton, White House press conference:
I want to say one thing to the American people. I want you to listen to me. I'm going to say this again: I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Miss Lewinsky.
2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
Oh, Pete. This is not the gym. — That’s right, Anna. This is the mailroom.
Not knowing any better, I went ahead.
To no degree.
(understatement, litotes)Used to modify superlatives to indicate the opposite or near opposite, often in a form of understatement.
That day was not the best day of my life.
It was not my favorite movie of all time.
In modern usage, do-support requires that the form do not ... (or don’t ...) be preferred to ... not for all but a short list of verbs (be, have, can, shall, will, would, may, must, need, ought):
They do not sow. (modern) vs. They sow not. (KJB)
American usage tends to prefer don’t have or haven’t got to have not or haven’t, except when have is used as an auxiliary (or in the idiom have-not):
I don’t have a clue or I haven’t got a clue. (US)
I haven’t a clue or I haven’t got a clue. (outside US)
I haven’t been to Spain. (universal)
The verb need is only directly negated when used as an auxiliary, and even this usage is rare, especially in the US.
You don’t need to trouble yourself. (common)
You needn’t trouble yourself. (outside US, rare)
I don’t need any eggs today. (universal)
The verb dare can sometimes be directly negated.
I daren't do that.
The verb do, as a main verb, takes do not.
He does not do that.
In the imperative, all verbs, including be, take do not.
Don't do that.
Don't be silly. (not *Be not silly.)
In the infinitive, verbs must be negated directly. In this case not cannot appear after the verb; some authorities recommend placing it before to to avoid a split infinitive, but for most speakers the forms not to do and to not do are more or less interchangeable, with the latter being mostly informal.
The objective is not to lose or The objective is to not lose.
I wanted not to go or I wanted to not go. (Note the difference between this and I didn't want to go, where want is the verb being negated.)
not to put too fine a point on it
I wanted a plate of shrimp, not a bucket of chicken.
He painted the car blue and black, not solid purple.
The construction “A, not B” is synonymous with the constructions “A, and not B”; “not B, but A”; and “not B, but rather A”.
(slang, 1990s) Used to indicate that the previous phrase was meant sarcastically or ironically.
I really like hanging out with my little brother watching Barney... not!
Sure, you're perfect the way you are... not!
bender, I don't think
Appendix:American Dialect Society words of the year
Alternative letter-case form of NOT
Boolean operators and states are commonly written in all uppercase in order to distinguish them from the ordinary uses of the words.
(obsolete)Contraction of ne wot; not to know.
(Can we date this quote?), Geoffrey Chaucer, The Knight's Tale.
I noot which was the fairer of hem two
not at OneLook Dictionary Search
-ton, NTO, ONT, Ont, Ont., TNO, TON, on't, ton
notoj(“to swim”), bën not(“to swim”)
dry wind from the south
Alternative form of anot to swim
From anot(“I swim”). Compare Italiannuoto, Portuguesenado.