From Middle Englishstoppen, stoppien, from Old Englishstoppian(“to stop, close”), from Proto-West Germanic*stuppōn, from Proto-Germanic*stuppōną(“to stop, close”), *stuppijaną(“to push, pierce, prick”), from Proto-Indo-European*(s)tewp-, *(s)tewb-(“to push; stick”), from *(s)tew-(“to bump; impact; butt; push; beat; strike; hit”). Cognate with Saterland Frisianstopje(“to stop, block”), West Frisianstopje(“to stop”), Dutchstoppen(“to stop”), Low Germanstoppen(“to stop”), Germanstopfen(“to be filling, stuff”), Germanstoppen(“to stop”), Danishstoppe(“to stop”), Swedishstoppa(“to stop”), Icelandicstoppa(“to stop”), Middle High Germanstupfen, stüpfen(“to pierce”). More at stuff, stump.
Alternate etymology derives Proto-Germanic *stuppōną from an assumed Vulgar Latin*stūpāre, *stuppāre(“to stop up with tow”), from stūpa, stīpa, stuppa(“tow, flax, oakum”), from Ancient Greekστύπη(stúpē), στύππη(stúppē, “tow, flax, oakum”). This derivation, however, is doubtful, as the earliest instances of the Germanic verb do not carry the meaning of "stuff, stop with tow". Rather, these senses developed later in response to influence from similar sounding words in Latin and Romance.
stop (third-person singular simple presentstops, present participlestopping, simple past and past participlestopped)
(intransitive) To cease moving.
(intransitive) To not continue.
(transitive) To cause (something) to cease moving or progressing.
(transitive) To cease; to no longer continue (doing something).
(transitive) To cause (something) to come to an end.
(transitive) To close or block an opening.
(transitive, intransitive, photography, often with "up" or "down") To adjust the aperture of a camera lens.
(intransitive) To stay; to spend a short time; to reside or tarry temporarily.
1887, R. D. Blackmore, Springhaven
by stopping at home till the money was gone
1931, E. F. Benson, Mapp & Lucia, chapter 7
She’s not going away. She’s going to stop here forever.
(music) To regulate the sounds of (musical strings, etc.) by pressing them against the fingerboard with the finger, or otherwise shortening the vibrating part.
(obsolete) To punctuate.
if his sentences were properly stopped
(nautical) To make fast; to stopper.
(phonetics, transitive) To pronounce (a phoneme) as a stop.
This is a catenative verb that takes the gerund (-ing) to indicate the ending action, or the to infinitive to indicate the purpose of the interruption. See Appendix:English catenative verbs for more information.
(to cease moving):brake, desist, halt; See also Thesaurus:stop
(to not continue):blin, cease, desist, discontinue, halt, terminate; See also Thesaurus:desist
(to cause to cease moving):arrest, freeze, halt; See also Thesaurus:immobilize
(to cause to come to an end):blin, cancel, cease, discontinue, halt, terminate; See also Thesaurus:end
(to tarry):hang about, hang around, linger, loiter, pause; See also Thesaurus:tarry
(to reside temporarily):lodge, stop over; See also Thesaurus:sojourn
(to cease moving):continue, go, move, proceed
(to not continue):continue, proceed
(to cause to cease moving):continue, move
(to cause to come to an end):continue, move
the buck stops here
→ Finnish: stop
→ French: stop
→ Hungarian: stop
→ Irish: stop
→ Italian: stop
→ Latvian: stop
→ Polish: stop
→ Portuguese: stop
→ Russian: стоп(stop)
→ Spanish: stop
→ Welsh: stopio
A (usually marked) place where buses, trams or trains halt to let passengers get on and off, usually smaller than a station.
Related terms: halt, station.
An action of stopping; interruption of travel.
1722, Daniel Defoe, Journal of the Plague Year
It is […] doubtful […] whether it contributed anything to the stop of the infection.
Occult qualities put a stop to the improvement of natural philosophy.
It is a great step toward the mastery of our desires to give this stop to them.
That which stops, impedes, or obstructs; an obstacle; an impediment.
A fatal stop trauerst their headlong course
a. 1729, John Rogers, The Advantages of conversing with good Men
So melancholy a prospect should inspire us with zeal to oppose some stop to the rising torrent.
A device intended to block the path of a moving object
(engineering) A device, or piece, as a pin, block, pawl, etc., for arresting or limiting motion, or for determining the position to which another part shall be brought.
(architecture) A member, plain or moulded, formed of a separate piece and fixed to a jamb, against which a door or window shuts.
(linguistics) A consonant sound in which the passage of air through the mouth is temporarily blocked by the lips, tongue, or glottis.
A symbol used for purposes of punctuation and representing a pause or separating clauses, particularly a full stop, comma, colon or semicolon.
(music) A knob or pin used to regulate the flow of air in an organ.
(music) One of the vent-holes in a wind instrument, or the place on the wire of a stringed instrument, by the stopping or pressing of which certain notes are produced.
(tennis) A very short shot which touches the ground close behind the net and is intended to bounce as little as possible.
(zoology) The depression in a dog’s face between the skull and the nasal bones.
(photography) A part of a photographic system that reduces the amount of light.
(photography) A unit of exposure corresponding to a doubling of the brightness of an image.
(photography) An f-stop.
The diaphragm used in optical instruments to cut off the marginal portions of a beam of light passing through lenses.
(fencing) A coup d'arret, or stop thrust.
Used to indicate the end of a sentence in a telegram.
From Middle Englishstoppe, from Old Englishstoppa(“bucket, pail, a stop”), from Proto-Germanic*stuppô(“vat, vessel”), from Proto-Indo-European*(s)teub-(“to push, hit; stick, stump”). Cognate with Norwegianstopp, stoppa(“deep well, recess”), Middle High Germanstubech, stübich(“barrel, vat, unit of measure”) (German Stübchen). Related also to Middle Low Germanstōp(“beaker, flask”), Middle High Germanstouf(“beaker, flask”), Norwegianstaupa(“goblet”), Icelandicstaupa(“shot-glass”), Old Englishstēap(“a stoup, beaker, drinking vessel, cup, flagon”). Cognate to Albanianshtambë(“amphora, bucket”). See stoup.
(Britain dialectal) A small well-bucket; a milk-pail.
s- + top
stop (not comparable)
(physics) Being or relating to the squark that is the superpartner of a top quark.
OTPs, POST, POTS, PTOs, Post, Spot, TPOs, opts, post, post-, post., pots, spot, tops
imperative of stoppe
From Middle Dutchstoppe.
stopm (pluralstoppen, diminutivestopjen)
An action of stopping, cessation.
A plug for a sink, a stopper.
An electric fuse.
See the etymology of the main entry.
first-person singular present indicative of stoppen
imperative of stoppen
stop (end-of-sentence indicator in telegrams)
1792. Borrowed from Englishstop.
→ Moroccan Arabic: سطوب
“stop” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
Borrowed from Englishstop.
IPA(key): [ˈʃtopː], [ˈʃtop]
Rhymes: -opː, -op
stop(used to indicate the end of a sentence in a telegram)
(colloquial) stop sign (a red sign on the side of a street instructing vehicles to stop)
(colloquial) hitchhike (an act of hitchhiking, trying to get a ride in a passing vehicle while standing at the side of a road)
Borrowed from Englishstop, from Middle Englishstoppen, from Old Englishstoppian(“to stop, close”), from Proto-Germanic*stuppōną(“to stop, close”).
stop (present analyticstopann, future analyticstopfaidh, verbal nounstopadh, past participlestoptha)